Everything You Need to Know About Menstruation

Menstruation has many distinct names including, periods, menses, monthlies, and sometimes red discharge. 

The ovaries release estrogen and progesterone (female hormones). The female hormones create a blood lining around the uterus. Once the wall inside the uterus is equipped, one of the two ovaries releases an egg for fertilization. If it gets fertilized, the person has to be pregnant and, the egg starts to grow inside the womb. However, if you are not pregnant, the lining of the uterus begins to shed, which leads to bleeding through your vagina. Regular menses varies from woman to woman. It happens due to the changes in hormones. 

Often menses begin within the ages of 11 to 14 and last till menopause about the late ’40s. A regular menstrual cycle is about 24-35 days.

Know about Menstruation
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The menses are controlled solely by hormones. In ovulation, a matured egg is librated by one of the ovaries for fertilization. If it gets a sperm then, the fertilized egg may get appended to the lining of the uterus to create a baby however, in the opposite case, the egg dies leading to the wall breaking. The period blood has a 60-40 ratio of blood and tissues holding the wall up.

Identifying when ovulation transpires is notable. In a regular 28 days menstruation cycle, ovulation usually occurs on the 14th day after the most recent period. Before ovulation, there is a fertile window in which most people get pregnant if the egg gets healthy sperm. The fertile window comprises five days, similar to the longevity of sperm.

Premenstrual syndrome (PMS)

Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a chronic emotional and bodily implication that emerges around a few days before the menstrual cycle, goes away as soon as menses approaches. In addition, the premenstrual symptoms and the symptoms of initial pregnancy are alike so, do not get confused between the two. PMS is paradoxical as a significant division of women experience it but are not fully aware of it.

With the exception of suffering from vaginal bleeding, pelvic cramping, dull back pain, bloating, aching breasts, cravings, and mood swings, you may also experience.


Menopause is considered to be the conclusion of menstrual cycles. It is often declared after missing twelve months of periods at least. Menopause usually transpires in the late ’40s.

Menopause is a natural physiological health concern. However, the visible bodily symptoms including, changes in body temperature and emotional signs of menopause, disrupt the sleep cycle as well, which ultimately lowers down the energy and may leave you with a lot of deficiencies whatsoever.

The Bottom Line

Menstruation is a beautiful natural process that leads a woman to bring a child into this world. However, knowing about it is essential for everybody and not just women because not understanding periods has many uninvited complexities.

Do consult a healthcare provider if your menses are very heavy or your PMS is coming in your way to everyday activities. Also, most importantly, listen to your body and try to comprehend the signs.


  1. How do I know when exactly my ovulation comes?

You may experience temperature fluctuations in the body during the ovulation cycle. The cervix relaxes and loosens up a bit and, light spotting is very common during this time. Also, the lower abdomen gets swollen at times. You can also download one of the ovulation apps available online that tracks down your ovulation day for you.

  1. How many days is a regular period lasts?

It depends on the body as every single body is different and has a diverse balance of hormones. However, the usual term of monthlies has to be between 2-7 days. Mostly bleed for about five days.

  1. How do I relieve my period cramps without any medicine?

You may place a heating pad beneath the cramped part of your body or, taking a warm cozy bath could help with the pain caused by menses. Give your body some rest, sleep.

  1. What should I Use a Pad, a tampon, or a Menstrual Cup?

Everything is about preference here as a number of women use pads, which are composed of cotton. Some women use tampons more conveniently. A tampon is a cotton wedge that goes inside the vagina. Other women prefer menstrual cups over the two. Menstrual cups are often created with silicone. Women insert the menstrual cup inside the vagina which, holds up all the blood until it is emptied away.

  1. How long does discharge last caused by ovulation?

It lasts for about 2-3 days after ovulation ends. It is clear and non-sticky most of the time.

  1. Till how many days, the possibility of getting pregnant after ovulation is there?

12-24 hours after ovulation, pregnancy is possible, and you are potentially pregnant for your body has received healthy sperm during the time of ovulation.



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